## วิธีประเมินราคาหุ้นแบบ Discounted Cashflow Model และ Dividend Discount Method

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## How To Calculate Intrinsic Value (Full Example)

A step by step guide on calculating the intrinsic value of a stock. I’ve tried to make this as simple as possible. Hope it helps!

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Intrinsic value, is arguably the most important thing to know when it comes to investing. Because if you can’t calculate the intrinsic value, then how do you know if you’re getting a good deal for the stock. How can you tell if you’re not overpaying? No intrinsic value = no idea if the stock is worth buying or not. As Warren Buffett says “the critical investment factor is determining the intrinsic value of a business and paying a fair or bargain price”.

So that brings us to the question, well how do we calculate the intrinsic value of a stock? That is what this whole video is going to be dedicated to. A simple step by step guide on calculating the intrinsic value of a stock.

How To Calculate The Intrinsic Value Of A Stock

Ok, Warren Buffett makes the definition of intrinsic value crystal clear. He said “Intrinsic value can be defined simply: It is the discounted value of the cash that can be taken out of a business during its remaining life”. So we look at the business. We determine how much cash it will generate over time. And then we discount these cash flows back to the present day.

In order to do this calculation we need 3 ingredients. 1 is the current cashflow. 2 is the cashflow growth rate. And 3 is the discount rate in order to discount the cash flows back to the present day and determine our current intrinsic value…

Step 1: Find The Cashflow Of The Stock

The reason why Buffett specifically said cashflow, instead of earnings is because earnings can easily be manipulated by the management team. But on the other hand, it is extremely hard almost impossible to manipulate the actual physical cash flows that a business generates. Put simply cash flow is more reliable than earnings.

So to find the cashflow it’s pretty easy in the modern day, all thanks to the internet. For this example I’m going to use Apple stock, since that’s quite a wellknown talked about stock, even Warren Buffett owns it himself…

So the website that we use to get these metrics is called gurufocus. So let’s type in, Apple stock gurufocus… Than what we want to do is go to the DCF section. Discounted Cash Flow. And if we just zoom in right here, it will tell us what the current cash flow is for Apple stock. Right now, the free cash flow is $5.57. So remember that figure because we’re going to be using it soon. But before we need to determine what the growth rate is going to be for that cash flow…

Step 2: Determine The Cash Flow Growth Rate

Remember that Buffett said to calculate the intrinsic value, you need to discount the future cash flows of the business. In order to know the future cash flows, we need to know how much the current cash flow is going to grow by.

So for Apple the example that we’re using the current cash flow is $5.57. What will the growth rate be for this?

One of the best ways of determining future growth rate is by looking at the growth rate in the past. Then you can extrapolate this into the future. But you want to be conservative, and make it somewhat lower, since businesses grow faster at the beginning and start slow down.

So to find Apple’s past cash flow growth rate, just go to the exact same place that we were at before. Here is where we found the current cash flow. And here is where we see the past cash flow growth rates.

So don’t worry about the 1 year growth rate, it’s better to focus on the longer term ones. So over the past 5 years Apple has had an 8% growth. And the past 10 years it’s had 16.2% average yearly growth. If we look at the growth in earnings per share, it’s around the same numbers..

So in the future we can say that over the next 5 years we might see an 8% growth and the 5 years after that we might see around a 6% growth.

And now we have 2 of the key ingredients that we need to put into our formula for intrinsic value.

Step 3: Use The Intrinsic Value Calculator

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DISCLAIMER: It’s important to note that I am not a financial adviser and you should do your own research when picking stocks to invest in. This video was made for educational and entertainment purposes only. Consult your financial adviser. Some of the links on this webpage are affiliate links. This means at no additional cost to you, we earn a commission if you click through and make a purchase and/or subscribe. This has no impact on my opinions, facts or style of video.

## Charlie Munger On How To Value A Stock

Charlie Munger On How To Value A Stock

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## What is Intrinsic Value? (How to Calculate Intrinsic Value)

Intrinsic value is the measure of what an asset is worth. This measure can be quite difficult to arrive at, but it is essentially what you are willing to pay for an asset. The methodology behind determining the intrinsic value of an asset will be different depending on the asset class.

There are three basic approaches to valuing assets:

■ Discounted cash flow valuation

■ Relative valuation

■ Assetbased valuation

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DISCLAIMER: I’m not a financial adviser. These videos are for educational purposes only to share my own opinions with no guarantee of gain or losses. No official financial advice is being given. Please always check with a professional before making any investments or financial decisions.

## What is Intrinsic Value?

Welcome to the Investors Trading Academy talking glossary of financial terms and events.

Our word of the day is “Intrinsic Value”

The intrinsic value is the actual value of a security, as opposed to its market price or book value. The intrinsic value includes other variables such as brand name, trademarks, and copyrights that are often difficult to calculate and sometimes not accurately reflected in the market price. One way to look at it is that the market capitalization is the price for example what investors are willing to pay for the company and intrinsic value is the value. What the company is really worth. Different investors use different techniques to calculate intrinsic value.

Investing in options an intrinsic value is considered a bit differently.

The amount by which a call option is in the money, calculated by taking the difference between the strike price and the market price of the underlier. For example, if a call option for 100 shares has a strike price of $35 and the stock is trading at $50 a share than the call option has an intrinsic value of $15 share, or $1500. If the stock price is less than the strike price the call option has no intrinsic value.

The amount by which a put option is in the money, calculated by taking the difference between the strike price and the market price of the underlier. For example, if a put option for 100 shares has a strike price of $35 and the stock is trading at $20 a share than the put option has an intrinsic value of $15 per share, or $1500. If the stock price is greater than the strike price the put option has no intrinsic value.

By Barry Norman, Investors Trading Academy

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