Basic English Grammar: All forms of the verb TO BE | verb to be

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Basic English Grammar: All forms of the verb TO BE|

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รูปภาพที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อ verb to be.

Basic English Grammar: All forms of the verb TO BE
Basic English Grammar: All forms of the verb TO BE

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ควรอ่านเนื้อหาที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อverb to be.

TO BE or not TO BE? That is the question! In this lesson, I’ll be covering all the forms of the most important verb in English – the irregular verb TO BE. Even if you already know this verb, you may want to review and make sure you know how to use it correctly in every form in present, past, and future tenses. I’ll also give you some examples of famous sayings and song titles using this verb. I AM certain this lesson WILL BE helpful to you. Don’t forget to test your knowledge by doing the quiz at


Hello. I’m Gill at, and today’s lesson is on the verb “to be”, which I’m sure you’re familiar with already, but because it’s an irregular verb and it changes a lot, there are lots of different words… They don’t look like this “be”, which is the base form; they look completely different. You may think you know it, and perhaps you do; but sometimes, under pressure or whatever, you might just forget the correct form. So, this is just to go over the details of it for you to be sure that you really do know this verb really well, because the thing about the verb “to be” is that it’s used all the time. The equivalent in your own language… I’m sure you use all the time the equivalent verb “to be” in your language. So, in English, too, it is… Is used all the time. Okay? So, here we go, let’s have a look at the details. Right.

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So, the infinitive, the base form: “to be”. Okay? And then in the present tense: “am”, “are”, and “is” for the different people. First-, second-, third-person, singular, and plural. Okay? So: “I am” – first person; “you are” – second-person”; “he”, “she”, “it”, “is” – third-person. They’re all singular. And then in the plural: “we are” – first-person plural, “we are”; “you are” – second-person plural; and “they are” – third-person plural. So, “are” is used in all of the plural forms, so that’s easier to remember. Okay. So: “am”, “are”, “is” are the options in the present tense. Okay.

So, then when we move to the past tense, it changes completely. So, it’s: “was” and “were”. So, you might think: “Is that really part of the verb ‘to be’? It looks completely different”, but it is. “I was”, “you were”, “he was”, “she was”, “it was”, “we were”, “you were”, “they were”. Okay? “Was” and “were” in the past… Simple past tense. Okay.

And then, for the future, it’s very, very easy. The future tense for all English verbs is very easy, because you just use this word: “will” plus the base form of the verb. “Will be”. So, where some verbs in some languages, you change the ending of the verb to form the future tense, in English, we just add this word in front. “Will”, “will be”, “will sing”, “will eat”, “will drink”, “will talk”. It’s just “will”, so that’s nice and easy. Okay. But it’s the base form from the infinitive that you use with “will”. “Will be”. Right.

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And then we come to the present participle, the “ing” form, which is: “being”, so that’s easy. You’ve got the base form plus “ing”, which is just like a lot of other… All the other verbs “ing”; “drinking”, “eating”, “talking”. Right. So, somebody… You could say: “Oh, the shop assistant is being helpful”. Or: “A friend of mine is being silly”, or “being difficult”, or whatever. So, in the present participle; a sort of continuous activity of being helpful, or being silly, or being difficult. Okay.

And based on this present participle, you can also use it as a noun. “A being” is a person… It’s a strange word for a person, really. “A being”. It’s when you think: “Oo, is that…? Is that an alien or something? What is that being over there? Is that a human”? “Being”. We do have the term: “human being”, that’s quite a normal word to use with the word “human”. “Human being”. Okay? But “beings” in the plural often suggests aliens from some other planet. Beings from Mars, or something like that. Okay? So, you can use it as a noun. Right.

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And then, finally, in this part of the lesson, the past participle is “been”. “Been”. Okay? So, you got “be” and “en” added. And with the past participle, you have to use the auxiliary verb. “Have” or “has”. “Has been”. “It has been a really good day.”, “We have been to the seaside”, something like that. We went to… On holiday… “We have been somewhere really nice today.”, “The weather has been really good.” Okay? So that’s the past participle.

And, again, just like here, you can have a noun: “a has-been” with a little hyphen in it. “He’s just… Oh, he’s a has-been.” It may be someone who’s had a really good career, but now he’s finished; he’s past his best. So, it’s not a very nice way to talk about somebody. “Oh, that old has-been, you know?” And it’s like just thinking somebody’s finished and they’re of no interest, or no use to anybody anymore. So, it’s not a very nice thing to say about anybody. […].

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verb to be

Basic English Grammar: All forms of the verb TO BE

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47 thoughts on “Basic English Grammar: All forms of the verb TO BE | verb to be”

  1. Hi Teacher,

    Thanks for the lesson and I really love this video .. but there is a confuse about how to use "been" as be verb, you include "been" in your "be Verb chart" , Could you please Give some real world example sentence how to use "been" as a "be verb" ?
    (When I google found some articles about this, but still I haven't got clear Idea when exactly use this ?)

    | Subject + have/Has/had + been + Adjective | in this form

  2. Hi Teacher,

    Thanks for the Video first. my question isn't related with this Video, but if you have a chance please expalian

    Please explain this.

    You are not to + Verb (in base form)

    is that meaning some thing like command to some one as don't do it ?


    You are not to blame him

    You are not to hit him.

    You are not to go.

    You are not to laugh loud.

    You are not to sit.

    You are not to take my pen.

    You are not to stay without coming.

    You are not to ask her to come.

  3. Hi Gil,
    We treat you as our Mom so we accepted your English as real old British English also you are telling us every British and their historical English people's back ground okay! go ahead.

  4. For the experience,enjoyment and to learning communication skills may I ask amongst the teachers and language learners can call me through this contact number from North India is —

  5. Good afternoon, dear Jill
    Example.Verb to be.
    Is the 3d of November 2020 the day of election in USA?🇺🇸
    🇷🇺Greetings from Moscow, Russia.

  6. For someone who taught English for decades, the verb "be" is always associated with the pronouns for clarity:
    I am –> I was ; We are –> We were
    You (single, group) are –> You were
    He, She, It is –> was ; They are –> were


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